Intellectual Power Tools

Books entered Jim Pallas' visual vocabulary as objects when he was commissioned to create the monumental "LAW" sculpture for a Detroit corporation. These Intellectual Tools started when Pallas attached a shovel handle to a previously epoxied book. He then attached ax, hammer and pick handles to other objects of intellectual activity such as phones, typewriters, cameras and computer keyboards. The gestural communication from the tool handle to the viewer's body couples with the conceptual meaning of the phone, book, or keyboard "tool head". Heavy layers of pigmented epoxy emotionally color and elevate the object from physical portmanteau to immaterial symbol.
Red Ax
38 x 9 5/16 x 3
Wood handle, book, epoxy
Lydia and Kurt Loren collection

Hacker's Ax (Blue & Red). 1995. 51 x 7 1/2 x 2 1/2 "
 epoxy painted keyboard and cord with ax handle.
collection of the University of Michigan Museum of Art

Phone Ax - Black. (1998).37 x 8 1/2 x 4 1/2 inches
Telephone set, wood axe handle, epoxy.
Collection the the Museum of New Art.
Typewriter Ax  1995. 42 1/2 x 11 x 3"
Typewriter, wooden handle, epoxy

Spade (1995)
55 1/2 x 2 1/4 x 9 1/2
Long handle(weathered natural), book, yellow epoxy
Shovel Turquoise (1995)
48 1/2 x 10 x 2 1/2 inches
Plastic "D" handle, wood shaft, book, epoxy
Spade Yellow  (1995)
60 1/2 x 7 1/8 x 5 1/2
Iron step edge, wood handle, epoxy

Paint brush with squeaks (1990)
carboard handle brush, painted metal
12"x10"x 3/8"
Red Phone Demon (1995)
32 x 9 3/4 x 5 1/2 inches
"D" handle shovel, phone, projection bulb reflector.
collection of the artist
Bureaucratic Hatchet (1995)
18 1/2 x 10 x 2
Rubber stamp, calendar, paper clip, receipts, wooden handle, epoxy

Tech Fish
Electro-mechanical Fish.
Time Fetishes
Is time like color,
strictly a 
psychological sensation?

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